What Does a Medical Oncologist Do? A Comprehensive Guide

What Does a Medical Oncologist Do

A medical oncologist is a cancer specialist doctor who manages the disease of cancer patients. Although it is not a task of a single person to care for a cancer patient all the guidance and the necessary reporting is done by an oncologist.

An oncologist can understand all the complexities related to cancer symptoms and guide all teams to provide the necessary care. There are various phases in the treatment of cancer and all these phases can not be completed without oncologist guidance.

Medical Oncologist

The term oncologist is derived from oncogenes, and it means the study of cancer genes in various stages. An oncologist is a cancer specialist doctor who focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. They develop all types of personalized plans for the successful treatment of cancer.

There are different roles of the cancer specialist theses include diagnosis treatment, and care of the patient. The level of cancer treatment is tough for the patients and these also include mood swings a special doctor can understand the situation of the patient. Diverse treatment for the patient is chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and hormonal therapy which is given to the patients at different times.

Role of Medical Oncologist

As mentioned above there are diverse roles of the oncologist, and they need to be performed at the same time. Treatment planning and care for survivorship is another level of sacrifice for the team and the doctor.

Treatment planning by an oncologist

There is always an individual plan for treatment of every type of cancer and it is based on the those of cancer diagnosed in the body of the patient. There are also different stages cancer and certain other factors which need to be considered during patient treatment:

  1. Stage of cancer
  2. Type of cancer
  3. Health of patient
  4. Diagnose factors like biopsy and other
  5. Location of cancer in the body

These five factors are the basis of planning for the treatment of a cancer patient. There is a wide range of treatments for cancer and every type of cancer is not suitable for every treatment. If we take an example of brain cancer or tumor, they are not open for chemotherapy Also their surgery is considered one of the most complicated surgeries.

Diagnosis and evaluation of cancer

It is the first part of the treatment of cancer, and it also determines the degree of the treatment needed for the patient. In most cases, a biopsy is not considered a safe diagnosis and it confirmatory test of the tissue. Mostly MRI and CT scans are done in the internal diagnosis of the cancer. There is a detailed explanation of the diagnosis of cancer.

  • First is a biopsy, in which a small part of the suspected tissue is cut from the location and examined under the microscope.
  • Endoscopy is done in case of internal organ cancer, in this method camera is placed on the mouth of the thin flexible tube and driven through hollow organs.
  • In some cases, cancer is also diagnosed with the blood, enzyme markers are used in the diagnosis of cancer.
  • Other methods include cytology and pathological lab tests for the fluid matrix in nearby cells of suspected location.
  • Leukemia and lymphoma are diagnosed with the help of bone marrow samples and other related tissues.
  • Genetic testing is done by identifying specific gene sequence which is mutated in the cells.
  • There are some imaging tests like ultrasound, MRI, CT scans, and X-rays. They produce detailed images of the internal organs by which any extra growth of tissue can be seen easily.

Clinical trials and Monitoring of patient

There are certain clinical trials for the new drugs that can treat cancer patients and they can be given under the surveillance of cancer specialists. If a cancer patient decides to choose to take part in the clinical trials, then they are guided by oncologist.

When treatment is almost over cancer patients need to be monitored at that time also. There are regular tests, physical exams, and other follow-up rules that are also monitored by an oncologist. Some patients are not careful about their phrases, and they are also guided by the doctor regarding what to eat, when to eat, and when to take medicines.

Survivorship and Care

After completion of the treatment next level of the treatment is regular care of the patient. Sometimes there is a long-time follow-up for the patients. There are some late effects of the disease like cancer and chances of developing secondary cancerous growth in any part of the body.

These all problems are riskier and second-time treatment has fewer chances of success. So, follow-up and monitoring are done by an oncologist. Other risks also include damage to other organs of the body during chemotherapy or radiotherapy. And these all after effects and risks are seen and monitored by oncologist.

Best Medical Oncologist in Ranchi

If you are searching for a good doctor in Jharkhand, Ranchi; you are at a right place. You can go to Dr. Satish Sharma; he is a Best Medical oncologist doctor and medical expert with more than eight years of experience. He used to sit in the HCG-Abdur Razzaque Ansari Cancer Hospital.

He is an expert in immunotherapy, hormonal therapy, targeted therapy, and chemotherapy. He has successfully treated breast cancer, lung cancer, lymphoma and Leukemia. You can also reach his site and give him a WhatsApp call for guidance in an emergency.


Oncologists or cancer specialists are highly qualified experts in the medical field, and they specialize in cancer treatment. They help in recovering after effects and give special medical care to cancer patients. Cancer treatment is not possible by simple physicians and needs a specialist. All cancer specialists are experts in treating all types of cancers at different locations. They used to diagnose cancer from different methods and treat patients up to complete recovery. Another part of their treatment is covering after effects and taking care of risks during treatment.


What is a medical oncologist, and what do they do?

A medical oncologist is a physician who specializes in diagnosing, treating, and managing cancer patients. They use various medical treatments, such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, and hormonal therapy, to combat cancer.

What types of cancer do medical oncologists treat?

Medical oncologists are trained to treat a wide range of cancer types, including breast cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, leukemia, lymphoma, and many others. They tailor their treatment plans to the specific type and stage of cancer a patient has.

Can you recommend a medical oncologist in Ranchi, Jharkhand?

Dr. Satish Sharma, with over eight years of experience and expertise in immunotherapy, hormonal therapy, targeted therapy, and chemotherapy, practices at HCG-Abdur Razzaque Ansari Cancer Hospital in Ranchi. You can contact him for guidance, including emergencies.